Duncan Lorne Martin, 18901940 (aged 49 years)

Name
Duncan Lorne /Martin/
Given names
Duncan Lorne
Surname
Martin
Birth September 11, 1890 32 26
Massaker
Wounded Knee Massaker (South Dakota, USA)
December 29, 1890 (aged 3 months)

Note: US-Armee gegen Sioux; siehe wikipedia de
24th President of the United States
Grover Cleveland
March 4, 1893 (aged 2 years)

Birth of a brotherGordon A. Martin
March 17, 1893 (aged 2 years)
British Queen
Victoria
from June 20, 1837 to January 22, 1901 (aged 10 years)

Krieg
Aschanti-Krieg
from 1824 to 1901 (aged 10 years)

Note: vier Kriege zwischen dem Aschantireich und England im Landesinneren des heutigen Ghana; siehe wikipedia de
Aufstand
Mahdi-Aufstand
from 1881 to 1898 (aged 7 years)

Krieg
Französisch-Siamesischer Krieg
1893 (aged 2 years)

Krieg
Rifkrieg 1893 (auch: Guerra de Margallo (Marokko))
1893 (aged 2 years)

Krieg
Erster Matabele Krieg
1893 (aged 2 years)

Konflikt
Shangani Patrol
December 3, 1893 (aged 3 years)

6ème président de la République Française
Jean Casimir-Perier
June 27, 1894 (aged 3 years)

Krieg
Erster Japanisch-Chinesischer Krieg
from 1894 to 1895 (aged 4 years)

Seeschlacht
Seeschlacht von Yalu
September 17, 1894 (aged 4 years)

7ème président de la République Française
Félix Faure
January 17, 1895 (aged 4 years)

Krieg
Italienisch-Äthiopischer Krieg
from 1895 to 1896 (aged 5 years)

Birth of a brotherRoss W. Martin
1896 (aged 5 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht von Adua
March 1, 1896 (aged 5 years)

Note: Äthiopier besiegen Italiener; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Firket
June 7, 1896 (aged 5 years)

Note: Briten und Ägypter besiegen die Mahdisten im Sudan; siehe wikipedia de
25th President of the United States
William McKinley
March 4, 1897 (aged 6 years)

Krieg
Türkisch-Griechischer Krieg
1897 (aged 6 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht am Atbara
April 8, 1898 (aged 7 years)

Note: Briten und Ägypter besiegen die Mahdisten im Sudan; siehe wikipedia de
Krieg
Spanisch-Amerikanischer Krieg
1898 (aged 7 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht in der Bucht von Manila
May 1, 1898 (aged 7 years)

Seeschlacht
Seeschlacht vor Santiago de Cuba
July 3, 1898 (aged 7 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht um Manila
August 13, 1898 (aged 7 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht von Omdurman
September 2, 1898 (aged 7 years)

Note: Briten und Ägypter besiegen die Mahdisten im Sudan; siehe wikipedia de
Krieg
Philippinisch-Amerikanischer Krieg
from 1899 to 1902 (aged 11 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht um Manila
from February 4, 1899 to February 5, 1899 (aged 8 years)

8ème président de la République Française
Emile Loubet
February 18, 1899 (aged 8 years)

Krieg
Zweiter Burenkrieg
from 1899 to 1902 (aged 11 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht von Talana Hill (Südafrika)
October 20, 1899 (aged 9 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht von Talana Hill
October 20, 1899 (aged 9 years)

Note: Britischer Sieg unter hohen Verlusten; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Elandslaagte (Südafrika)
October 21, 1899 (aged 9 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht von Elandslaagte
October 21, 1899 (aged 9 years)

Note: Britischer Sieg; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Umm Diwaykarat
November 24, 1899 (aged 9 years)

Note: Briten und Ägypter besiegen die Mahdisten im Sudan; siehe wikipedia de
Konflikt
Konflikt um Samoa
1899 (aged 8 years)

Belagerung
Belagerung von Mafeking (Südafrika)
from October 30, 1899 to May 17, 1900 (aged 9 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht von Modder River (Südafrika)
November 28, 1899 (aged 9 years)

Belagerung
Belagerung von Ladysmith (Südafrika)
from October 30, 1899 to February 28, 1900 (aged 9 years)

Aufstand
Boxeraufstand
from 1899 to 1900 (aged 9 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht von Modder River
November 28, 1899 (aged 9 years)

Note: Britischer Sieg; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Stormberg (Südafrika)
December 10, 1899 (aged 9 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht von Stormberg
December 10, 1899 (aged 9 years)

Note: Sieg der Buren; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Magersfontein (Südafrika)
December 11, 1899 (aged 9 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht von Magersfontein
December 11, 1899 (aged 9 years)

Note: Buren besiegen britische Truppen; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Colenso (Südafrika)
December 15, 1899 (aged 9 years)

Krieg
Zweiter Burenkrieg
from 1899 to 1902 (aged 11 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht von Colenso
December 15, 1899 (aged 9 years)

Note: Britische Truppen erleiden schwere Verluste; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Spion Kop
January 24, 1900 (aged 9 years)

Note: Buren siegen über Großbritannien in Natal (Südafrika); siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Paardeberg (Südafrika)
from February 18, 1900 to February 27, 1900 (aged 9 years)

Note: Großbritannien siegt über Buren; siehe wikipedia de
Krieg
Russisch-Chinesischer Krieg
1900 (aged 9 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht von Spion Kop
from January 23, 1900 to January 24, 1900 (aged 9 years)

Note: Sieg der Buren; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Paardeberg
from February 18, 1900 to February 27, 1900 (aged 9 years)

Note: Britischer Sieg; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Sanna's Post (Südafrika)
March 31, 1900 (aged 9 years)

British King
Edward VII
from January 22, 1901 to May 6, 1910 (aged 19 years)

26th President of the United States
Theodore Roosevelt
September 14, 1901 (aged 11 years)

Feldzug
Britischer Tibetfeldzug
from 1903 to 1904 (aged 13 years)

Aufstand
Aufstand der Herero und Nama
from 1904 to 1908 (aged 17 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht am Waterberg
August 11, 1904 (aged 13 years)

Note: Deutsche Schutztruppe besiegt Herero; siehe wikipedia de
Krieg
Russisch-Japanischer Krieg
from 1904 to 1905 (aged 14 years)

Belagerung
Belagerung von Port Arthur
from August 1, 1904 to January 2, 1905 (aged 14 years)

Note: Japan besiegt Russland; siehe wikipedia de
Seeschlacht
Seeschlacht im Gelben Meer (1904)
August 10, 1904 (aged 13 years)

Note: Japan besiegt Russland; siehe wikipedia de
Seegefecht
Seegefecht bei Ulsan
August 14, 1904 (aged 13 years)

Note: Japan besiegt Russland; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Mukden
from February 20, 1905 to March 10, 1905 (aged 14 years)

Note: Japan besiegt Russland in der bis dahin größten Feldschlacht; siehe wikipedia de
Seeschlacht
Seeschlacht bei Tsushima
from May 27, 1905 to May 28, 1905 (aged 14 years)

Note: Japan vernichtet die russische Flotte; siehe wikipedia de
Séparation des Églises et de l’État Française
Loi du 9 décembre 1905 relative à la séparation des Églises et de l’État
December 9, 1905 (aged 15 years)

9ème président de la République Française
Armand Fallières
February 18, 1906 (aged 15 years)

Aufstand
Maji-Maji-Aufstand
from 1905 to 1908 (aged 17 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht bei Mahenge
from August 29, 1905 to August 31, 1905 (aged 14 years)

Note: Deutsche Schutztruppe besiegt Maji-Maji-Anhänger; siehe wikipedia de
27th President of the United States
William Howard Taft
March 4, 1909 (aged 18 years)

Krieg
Zweiter Rifkrieg (auch: Guerra de Melilla (Marokko))
1909 (aged 18 years)

Residence 1911 (aged 20 years)
Text:

Bron: 1911 Census of Canada Simcoe South Sub-District 17

Residence from 1910 to 1912 (aged 21 years)
British King
George V
from May 6, 1910 to January 20, 1936 (aged 45 years)

Krieg
Italienisch-Türkischer Krieg
from 1911 to 1912 (aged 21 years)

10ème président de la République Française
Raymond Poincaré
February 18, 1913 (aged 22 years)

28th President of the United States
Woodrow Wilson
March 4, 1913 (aged 22 years)

Krieg
Balkankriege
from 1912 to 1913 (aged 22 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht von Lüleburgaz
from October 29, 1912 to November 2, 1912 (aged 22 years)

Note: Bulgarien besiegt Osmanisches Reich; siehe wikipedia de
Österreichische Geschichte
Attentat von Sarajevo
June 28, 1914 (aged 23 years)

Source:

Wikipedia:Attentat von Sarajevo Beim Attentat von Sarajevo wurden der Thronfolger Österreich-Ungarns Erzherzog Franz Ferdinand und seine Gemahlin Sophie Chotek, von dem serbischen Nationalisten Gavrilo Princip ermordet. Das Attentat löste die Julikrise aus, die schließlich zum Ersten Weltkrieg führte.

Krieg
Erster Weltkrieg
from 1914 to 1918 (aged 27 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht von Cer
from August 16, 1914 to August 19, 1914 (aged 23 years)

Note: Serbien besiegt Österreich-Ungarn; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht bei Gumbinnen
from August 19, 1914 to August 20, 1914 (aged 23 years)

Note: Russland besiegt Deutsches Reich; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht bei Mons
from August 23, 1914 to August 24, 1914 (aged 23 years)

Note: Deutsches Reich besiegt Großbritannien; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht bei Tannenberg
from August 23, 1914 to August 31, 1914 (aged 23 years)

Note: Deutsches Reich besiegt Russland in Ostpreußen; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Le Cateau
August 26, 1914 (aged 23 years)

Note: Deutsches Reich zwingt Entente zum Rückzug; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Marneschlacht
from September 5, 1914 to September 12, 1914 (aged 24 years)

Note: Rückzug der Truppen des Deutschen Reiches aus Furcht vor einem französischen Hinterhalt; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht an den Masurischen Seen
from September 6, 1914 to September 15, 1914 (aged 24 years)

Note: Deutsches Reich besiegt Russland in Ostpreußen; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht bei Sandfontein
from September 26, 1914 to September 29, 1914 (aged 24 years)

Note: Deutsches Reich besiegt Südafrikanische Union in Südwestafrika; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Erste Ypernschlacht
from October 20, 1914 to November 18, 1914 (aged 24 years)

Note: Deutsches Reich gegen Frankreich und Großbritannien; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht bei Tanga
from November 2, 1914 to November 5, 1914 (aged 24 years)

Note: Deutsches Reich besiegt Großbritannien in Ostafrika; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht um Łódź
from November 11, 1914 to December 7, 1914 (aged 24 years)

Note: Russland gegen Deutsches Reich; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht an der Kolubara
from November 16, 1914 to December 15, 1914 (aged 24 years)

Note: Serbien besiegt Österreich-Ungarn; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Winterschlacht in den Karpaten
from January 23, 1915 to March 22, 1915 (aged 24 years)

Note: Russland besiegt Österreich; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Winterschlacht in Masuren
from February 13, 1915 to February 27, 1915 (aged 24 years)

Note: Deutsches Reich besiegt Russland in Ostpreußen; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Winterschlacht in der Champagne
February 16, 1915 (aged 24 years)

Note: Frankreich gegen Deutsches Reich; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Gallipoli
from February 19, 1915 to January 9, 1916 (aged 25 years)

Note: Großbritannien, Frankreich, Indien, Australien, Neuseeland gegen Osmanisches Reich; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Zweite Ypernschlacht
from April 22, 1915 to April 25, 1915 (aged 24 years)

Note: Deutsches Reich gegen Frankreich und Großbritannien; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Gorlice-Tarnow
from May 1, 1915 to May 3, 1915 (aged 24 years)

Note: Österreich-Ungarn besiegen Russland in Westgalizien; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Lorettoschlacht
from May 9, 1915 to June 1915 (aged 24 years)

Note: Frankreich gegen Deutsches Reich; siehe wikipedia de
Occupation
Onderwijzer (School Teacher)
January 15, 1916 (aged 25 years)

Residence January 15, 1916 (aged 25 years)
Military
1st Depot Battalion Alberta Regiment
from January 16, 1916 to June 1916 (aged 25 years)

Agency: Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF)
Text:

Regiment Number: 3206000 Unit: M.D. 13 Company No: 4 Class: I Military Service Act letter and number: 352262 MC. Rank: Privat

Height: 5 ft. 10 ins. Chest measurement:

  • fully expanded 35 ins.
  • range of expansion 38 ins. Complexion: Fresh Eyes: Brown Hair: D. Brown Distinctive marks, and marks indicating congential peculiarities or previous disease: None
Schlacht
Zwölf Isonzoschlachten
from June 23, 1915 to October 24, 1917 (aged 27 years)

Note: Italien gegen Österreich-Ungarn; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht um Verdun
from February 21, 1916 to December 20, 1916 (aged 26 years)

Note: Frankreich gegen Deutsches Reich; siehe wikipedia de
Seeschlacht
Seeschlacht im Skagerrak
from May 31, 1916 to June 1, 1916 (aged 25 years)

Note: Großbritannien gegen Deutsches Reich; siehe wikipedia de
Military
49th Infantry Battalion (Edmonton Regiment)
from June 1916 to March 17, 1919 (aged 28 years)
Agency: 7th Infantry Brigade - 3rd Canadian Division
Text:

3rd Division By the end of December 1915, Major-General Mercer, a Canadian by birth, commanded the Corps' 3rd Division. He held this command until his death during the Battle of Mount Sorrel, June 1916. By the end of 1916, all staff appointments in this Division, but for three, were held by Canadians.

Brigades of the 3rd Division

  • 7th Brigade consisted of the Princess Patricia's Light Infantry (the only unit with active field experience), the Royal Canadian Regiment (Canada's only permanent force battalion newly arrived in France after garrison duty in Bermuda), the 42nd Battalion (Montreal) and the 49th Battalion (Edmonton).

  • 8th Brigade was made up of the Canadian Mounted Rifle Battalion's 1st, 2nd, 4th and 5th Battalions.

  • 9th Brigade, which joined the Division in February 1916, comprised the 43rd (Winnipeg), 52nd (Port Arthur), 58th (Niagara area) and the 60th (Montreal) Battalions. By the end of January 1916, there were 50,000 Canadian troops in the field, serving in the Canadian Corps, as part of the British 2nd Army.

War Diary of the 3rd Canadian Division: 02.06.1916 - 13.06.1916 Location: Ypres, Belgium Battle of Mount Sorrel or Battle of Hill 62 In an effort to pull British resources from the observed build-up in the Somme, the XIII (Royal Württemberg) Corps and the 117th Infantry Division attacked an arc of high ground positions defended by the Canadian Corps. The German forces initially captured the heights at Mount Sorrel and Tor Top before entrenching on the far slope of the ridge. Following a number attacks and counterattacks, two divisions of the Canadian Corps, supported by the 20th Light Division and Second Army siege and howitzer battery groups, recaptured the majority of their former positions.

01.07.1916 - 18.11.1916 Location: Somme, France Battle of the Somme or Somme Offensive The battle consisted of an offensive by the British and French armies against the German Army, which since invading France in August 1914 had occupied large areas of that country. One of the largest battles of the First World War, by the time fighting had petered out in late autumn 1916 more than 1.5 million casualties had been suffered by the forces involved. It is understood to have been one of the bloodiest military operations ever recorded.

09.04.1917 - 14.04.1917 Location: Nord-Pas-de-Calais region, France Battle of Vimy Ridge The main combatants were the Canadian Corps against three divisions of the German Sixth Army. The battle, was part of the opening phase of the British-led Battle of Arras, a diversionary attack for the French Nivelle Offensive. The objective of the Canadian Corps was to take control of the German-held high ground along an escarpment at the northernmost end of the Arras Offensive. This would ensure that the southern flank could advance without suffering German enfilade fire. Supported by a creeping barrage, the Canadian Corps captured most of the ridge during the first day of the attack. The town of Thélus fell during the second day of the attack, as did the crest of the ridge once the Canadian Corps overcame a salient of considerable German resistance. The final objective, a fortified knoll located outside the town of Givenchy-en-Gohelle, fell to the Canadian Corps on 12 April. The German forces then retreated to the Oppy–Méricourt line.

03.05.1917 - 04.05.1917 Location: Arras and Arleux, France Third Battle of The Scarpe After securing the area around Arleux at the end of April, the British determined to launch another attack east from Monchy to try and breakthrough the Boiry Riegel and reach the Wotanstellung, a major German defensive fortification. This was scheduled to coincide with the Australian attack at Bullecourt in order to present the Germans with a two–pronged assault. British commanders hoped that success in this venture would force the Germans to retreat further to the east. With this objective in mind, the British launched another attack near the Scarpe on 3 May. However, neither prong was able to make any significant advances and the attack was called off the following day after incurring heavy casualties. Although this battle was a failure, the British learned important lessons about the need for close liaison between tanks, infantry, and artillery, which they would later apply in the Battle of Cambrai (1917).

15.08.1917 - 25.08.1917 Location: Lens and Nord-Pas-de-Calais region, France Battle of Hill 70 The primary objective of the assault was to inflict casualties and draw German troops away from the 3rd Battle of Ypres, rather than to capture territory. To achieve this objective, The Canadian Corps executed a limited operation to quickly occupy the high ground at Hill 70, established defensive positions and utilized combined small arms and artillery fire to repel German counterattacks and inflict as many casualties as possible. A later attempt by the Canadian Corps to extend its position into the city of Lens itself failed. The Canadians and the Germans both suffered high casualty rates, and Lens remained under German control. The battle consisted of extensive use of poison gas by both sides, including the newly introduced German Yellow Cross shell containing the blistering agent sulfur mustard. Ultimately, the goals of the Canadian Corps were only partially accomplished. The Canadians were successful in preventing German formations from transferring local men and equipment to aid in defensive operations in the Ypres Salient but failed to draw in troops from other areas.

26.10.1917 - 10.11.1917 Location: Ypres, Belgium Second Battle of the Passchendaele The assault position was directly south of the inter-army boundary between the British Fifth Army and Second Army. As a result the Canadian Corps was to attack with support of formations from the British Fifth Army to the north and I Anzac Corps to the south. The offensive was executed in series of attacks each with limited objectives, delivered at intervals of three or more days. The execution dates of the phases were tentatively given as 26 October, 30 October and 6 November with a final smaller action on 10 November. To permit time to facilitate inter-divisional reliefs, there was a planned seven day pause between the second and third stage during which time British Second Army was ordered to take over the section of the British Fifth Army front adjoining the Canadian Corps, so that the central portion of the assault could proceed under a single command. The attack was successful in capturing the German-held high ground along the Passchendaele-Westrozebeke ridge but the campaign was forced to end just short of Westrozebeke itself. No further attempt was made to build on the momentum of the attack. The significant victory of the Austro-German forces against the Italian Army at the Battle of Caporetto and the upcoming Battle of Cambrai ultimately forced the British to divert resources away from the sector and end all offensive actions in the Ypres Salient.

08.08.1918 - 11.08.1918 Location: Amiens, France Battle of Amiens or The Battle of Picardy The battle began in dense fog at 4:20 a.m. on 8 August 1918. Under Rawlinson's Fourth Army, the British III Corps attacked north of the Somme, the Australian Corps to the south of the river in the centre of Fourth Army's front, and the Canadian Corps to the south of the Australians. The French 1st Army under General Debeney opened its preliminary bombardment at the same time, and began its advance 45 minutes later, supported by a battalion of 72 Whippet tanks. Although German forces were on the alert, this was largely in anticipation of possible retaliation for their incursion on the 6th and not because they had learned of the preplanned Allied attack. Although the two forces were within 500 yards (460 m) of one another, gas bombardment was very low, as the bulk of the Allied presence was unknown to the Germans. The attack was so unexpected that German forces only began to return fire after five minutes, and even then at the positions where the Allied forces had assembled at the start of the battle and had long since left. In the first phase, seven divisions attacked: the British 18th (Eastern) and 58th (2/1st London), the Australian 2nd and 3rd, and the Canadian 1st, 2nd and 3rd. The Canadian and Australian attackers were supported by eight battalions of the Royal Tank Corps, with a paper strength of 216 Mark V and 72 Mark V* tanks, with 48 unarmed tanks used as supply-carrying tractors. Parts of the American 33rd Division supported the British attackers north of the Somme. The attackers captured the first German position, advancing about 4,000 yards (3,700 m) by about 7:30 a.m. In the centre, supporting units following the leading divisions attacked the second objective a further two miles (3 km) distant. Australian units reached their first objectives by 7:10 a.m., and by 8:20 a.m., the Australian 4th and 5th and the Canadian 4th divisions passed through the initial hole in the German line. The third phase of the attack was assigned to infantry-carrying Mark V* tanks. However, the infantry was able to carry out this final step unaided. The Allies penetrated well to the rear of the German defences and cavalry now continued the advance, one brigade in the Australian sector and two cavalry divisions in the Canadian sector. RAF and armoured car fire kept the retreating Germans from rallying. The Canadian and Australian forces in the center advanced quickly, pushing the line 3 miles (4.8 km) forward from its starting point by 11:00 a.m. The speed of their advance was such that a party of German officers and some divisional staff that were eating breakfast were captured. A gap 15 miles (24 km) long was punched in the German line south of the Somme by the end of the day. There was less success north of the river, where the British III Corps had only a single tank battalion in support, the terrain was rougher and the German incursion of 6 August had disrupted some of the preparations. Although the attackers gained their first objectives, they were held up short of the Chipilly spur, a steep wooded ridge. The British Fourth Army took 13,000 prisoners while the French captured a further 3,000. Total German losses were estimated to be 30,000 on 8 August. The Fourth Army's casualties, British, Australian and Canadian infantry, were approximately 8,800, exclusive of tank and air losses and their French allies. German Army Chief of Staff Paul von Hindenburg noted the Allies' use of surprise and that Allied destruction of German lines of communication had hampered potential German counter-attacks by isolating command positions. The German general Erich Ludendorff described the first day of Amiens as the "Schwarzer Tag des deutschen Heeres" ("the black day of the German Army"), not because of the ground lost to the advancing Allies, but because the morale of the German troops had sunk to the point where large numbers of troops began to capitulate. Five German divisions had effectively been engulfed. Allied forces pushed, on average, 7 miles (11 km) into enemy territory by the end of the day. The Canadians gained 8 miles (13 km), Australians 7 miles (11 km), British 2 miles (3.2 km), and the French 5 miles (8.0 km).

26.08.1918 - 30.08.1918 Location: Arras and Monchy-le-Preux, France Fifth Battle of The Scarpe H-hour: August 26, 3:00 a.m. The 2nd Division was on the right, south of the Cambrai Road; the 3rd Division, between the road and the Scarpe; the 51st Highland Division, on the left, north of the Scarpe. Supported by a powerful artillery and machine gun barrage, the attack made good progress. The 3rd Division captured Monchy, the first objective, with a skilfully executed encircling manoeuvre that was praised long after the tactical feat. On the right, the 2nd Division captured the villages of Guemappe and Wancourt during the afternoon. By nightfall, the Canadian line extended about 914 metres east of Monchy. General Currie's orders for the 27th were to break through the Fresnes-Rouvroy Line and thereby advance by eight kilometres. It took two more days of bitter fighting before this defence system near Boiry-Notre-Dame was penetrated, and when the Battle of the Scarpe ended on August 30, resolute German garrisons were still stubbornly clinging to it. In the first three days of the battle, the 2nd and 3rd Divisions had advanced more than eight kilometres over rough, broken land furrowed with extremely well-fortified trenches. Nevertheless, the Canadians succeeded in reaching the great majority of their objectives and captured 3,300 prisoners and a large number of guns.

27.09.1918 - 11.10.1918 Location: Canal du Nord & Cambrai, France Battle of Cambrai The Canadian Corps, under General Sir Arthur Currie, was put in charge of operations conceived as a set-piece attack. Because of the extremely narrow divide, at zero hour on September 27, the battlefront presented only two brigades on the left and one on the right, with a creeping artillery barrage and sappers following over hastily-built bridges, pontoons and cork slabs baled with wire netting. One artillery subsection supported each divisional artillery section behind the front line. Once across the canal, troops would reassemble and the front had to be widened at lightning speed from 2,600 metres to 15,000 metres in order to circle Bourlon Wood, capture the Blue Line and prepare to press forward toward Cambrai. In 12 hours of fighting, the Canadians covered approximately 8,500 metres of ground with the 4th Division's 38th, 87th and 102nd Battalions arriving first and the 1st Division's 1st and 13th Battalions following with greater difficulty. In the following four days of difficult fighting, both divisions, along with reinforcements from the 3rd Division, managed to secure only a limited amount of territory and by October 1, exhausted troops were ordered to rest and reassemble. Operations to capture Cambrai and secure ground northeast of the city resumed on October 8, mainly involving in the 2nd and 3rd Divisions and lasting a total of four days. 5:20 a.m. (zero hour) on September 27. An artillery barrage explodes over enemy positions and the 1st Division begins to move swiftly. Crossing the dry bed of the Canal-du-Nord with success as dawn breaks, the Canadians rapidly secure the Green Line. Passing through their ranks, the 4th Division gains entry into the southern part of Bourlon Village around 9:45 a.m., but not without heavy casualties. By 2:00 p.m., they pass the Blue Line and attain the objective of capturing Bourlon Wood (Blue Line). Pushing on, by the end of the afternoon, while the 15th Infantry Brigade stands firm at the Blue Line, brigades from the 1st and 4th Canadian Division, plus the British 11th Division, clear the enemy's Marcoing trench system. Victory is assured by 8:00 p.m. as the last pocket of enemy resistance is overcome.

17-03-1919 Arrival in Halifax, Nova Scotia with the Vessel Carmania from Liverpool, England (Roll: T-14794)

49th Battalion (Edmonton Regiment) War Statistics

  • Total Enlistments: 4.050
  • Killed in Action: 647
  • Died of Wounds: 89
  • Died, Other Causes: 88
  • Wounded: 2.282
Second Battle of the Passchendaele (26.10.1917-10.11.1917)
Second Battle of the Passchendaele (26.10.1917-10.11.1917)

Note: The village of Passchendaele before and after the battle.
Offensive
Brussilow-Offensive
from June 4, 1916 to September 20, 1916 (aged 26 years)

Note: Russland gegen Österreich-Ungarn und Deutsches Reich; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht an der Somme
from June 24, 1916 to November 18, 1916 (aged 26 years)

Note: Großbritannien und Frankreich gegen Deutsches Reich; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht um Görz
from August 4, 1916 to August 17, 1916 (aged 25 years)

Note: Italien besiegt Österreich-Ungarn; siehe wikipedia de
Österreichische Geschichte
Tod Franz Josephs I. und Thronbesteigung von Karl I.
November 1916 (aged 26 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht von Arras
from April 9, 1917 to May 16, 1917 (aged 26 years)

Note: Großbritannien gegen Deutsches Reich; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht an der Aisne
from April 16, 1917 to May 1917 (aged 26 years)

Note: Frankreich gegen Deutsches Reich; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Dritte Ypernschlacht
from May 20, 1917 to August 1917 (aged 26 years)

Note: Großbritannien und Frankreich gegen Deutsches Reich; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Karfreit (auch: Zwölfte Isonzoschlacht)
from October 24, 1917 to October 27, 1917 (aged 27 years)

Note: Österreich besiegt Italien
Schlacht
Tankschlacht von Cambrai
from November 20, 1917 to December 6, 1917 (aged 27 years)

Note: Großbritannien und Frankreich gegen Deutsches Reich; siehe wikipedia de
Österreichische Geschichte
Ende des ersten Weltkriegs
1918 (aged 27 years)

Offensive
Offensive Michael
from March 21, 1918 to April 5, 1918 (aged 27 years)

Note: Ludendorffs Entscheidungsoffensive für einen Durchbruch im Westen; nach großen Anfangserfolgen bleibt die Offensive stecken; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Soissons
from June 18, 1918 to June 21, 1918 (aged 27 years)

Note: Deutsches Reich gegen USA
Schlacht
Piaveschlacht
from June 15, 1918 to June 23, 1918 (aged 27 years)

Note: Österreich-Ungarn gegen Italien; siehe wikipedia de
Gefecht
Gefecht am San Matteo
September 3, 1918 (aged 27 years)

Note: Österreich besiegt Italien; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Palästinaschlacht
from September 18, 1918 to September 19, 1918 (aged 28 years)

Note: Großbritannien besiegt Osmanisches Reich; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Vittorio Veneto
from October 24, 1918 to November 3, 1918 (aged 28 years)

Note: Italien besiegt Österreich-Ungarn; siehe wikipedia de
11ème président de la République Française
Paul Deschanel
February 18, 1920 (aged 29 years)

12ème président de la République Française
Alexandre Millerand
September 23, 1920 (aged 30 years)

Parti Communiste Français
Naissance du Parti Communiste Français
December 25, 1920 (aged 30 years)

Note: Congrès de Tours
Bürgerkrieg
Russischer Bürgerkrieg
from 1917 to 1923 (aged 32 years)

Krieg
Lettischer Unabhängigkeitskrieg
from 1918 to 1920 (aged 29 years)

Krieg
Ungarisch-Rumänischer Krieg
from 1919 to 1920 (aged 29 years)

Krieg
Polnisch-Litauischer Krieg
1920 (aged 29 years)

Krieg
Türkisch-Armenischer Krieg
1920 (aged 29 years)

29th President of the United States
Warren G Harding
March 4, 1921 (aged 30 years)

Krieg
Irischer Unabhängigkeitskrieg
from 1919 to 1921 (aged 30 years)

Krieg
Polnisch-Sowjetischer Krieg
from 1920 to 1921 (aged 30 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht bei Warschau
August 16, 1921 (aged 30 years)

Note: Polen besiegt Russland; siehe wikipedia de
Krieg
Griechisch-Türkischer Krieg
from 1921 to 1923 (aged 32 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht von Annual
July 22, 1921 (aged 30 years)

Note: Aufständische überrennen spanische Garnisonen in Spanisch-Marokko; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht am Pontos
from August 24, 1922 to August 30, 1922 (aged 31 years)

Note: Türkei besiegt Griechenland
Civil marriageWilhelmina Huiberdina KaasjagerView this family
December 15, 1922 (aged 32 years) Husband: 32 Wife: 35
30th President of the United States
Calvin Coolidge
August 2, 1923 (aged 32 years)

Bürgerkrieg
Irischer Bürgerkrieg
from 1922 to 1923 (aged 32 years)

Birth of a daughterLorna Wilhelmina Martin
February 14, 1924 (aged 33 years)
13ème président de la République Française
Gaston Doumergue
June 13, 1924 (aged 33 years)

Birth of a sonWilliam Robert Martin
July 31, 1925 (aged 34 years)
Krieg
Dritter Rifkrieg (auch: Zweiter Marokkanischer Krieg (Marokko))
from 1921 to 1926 (aged 35 years)

31st President of the United States
Herbert Hoover
March 4, 1929 (aged 38 years)

Konflikt
Guerra Cristera
from 1926 to 1929 (aged 38 years)

Note: Bürgerkrieg in Mexiko; siehe wikipedia de
14ème président de la République Française
Paul Doumer
June 13, 1931 (aged 40 years)

Birth of a sonGordon Kenneth Martin
October 14, 1931 (aged 41 years)
Konflikt
Mandschurei-Krise
1931 (aged 40 years)

15ème président de la République Française
Albert Lebrun
May 10, 1932 (aged 41 years)

Österreichische Geschichte
Dollfuß verkündet die „Selbstausschaltung des Parlaments“
March 4, 1933 (aged 42 years)

Source:

Wikipedia:Selbstausschaltung des Parlaments Eine patt ausgegangene Abstimmung über die Eisenbahnergehälter und taktisch bedingte Rücktritte der drei Parlamentspräsidenten nutzte der christlichsoziale Bundeskanzler Engelbert Dollfuß, um die „Selbstausschaltung des Parlaments“ zu verkünden. Den Wiederzusammentritt des Nationalrates am 15. März verhinderte Polizei, die das Parlamentsgebäude umstellt hatte.

32nd President of the United States
Franklin D Roosevelt
March 4, 1933 (aged 42 years)

Death of a fatherWilliam Robert Martin
June 7, 1934 (aged 43 years) Age: 76
Cause: Nierontsteking (Nephritis) / Aderverkalking (Sclerose)
Citation details:

Aktenummer: 029858 / 518

Text:

Bron: Ontario, Canada Deaths, 1869-1934 Last saw alive: 08 June 1934

Aangever: Mrs. W.R. Martin | Tottenham, Ontario | Wife

In de akte wordt de overlijdensdatum gemeld op 8 juni 1934, op de grafsteen staat een overlijdensdatum van 7 juni 1934.

Burial of a fatherWilliam Robert Martin
June 1934 (aged 43 years)
Text:

Begraafplaats: Presbyterian Cemetery

Krieg
Kolumbianisch-Peruanischer Krieg
from 1932 to 1934 (aged 43 years)

Krieg
Chacokrieg
from 1932 to 1935 (aged 44 years)

Bürgerkrieg
Österreichischer Bürgerkrieg
1934 (aged 43 years)

Note: Auch als Februarkämpfe 1934 bezeichnet; siehe wikipedia de
Krieg
Saudi-Jemenitischer Krieg
1934 (aged 43 years)

British King
Edward VII
from January 20, 1936 to December 11, 1936 (aged 46 years)

Front populaire
Victoire du Peuple
May 3, 1936 (aged 45 years)

Note: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Front_populaire_%28France%29
Guerre civile
Guerre civile d’Espagne
July 17, 1936 (aged 45 years)

Note: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guerre_d%27Espagne
Krieg
Italienisch-Äthiopischer Krieg
from 1935 to 1936 (aged 45 years)

Bürgerkrieg
Spanischer Bürgerkrieg
from 1936 to 1939 (aged 48 years)

Belagerung
Belagerung des Alcázars von Toledo
from July 1936 to September 1936 (aged 45 years)

Note: Nationalistische Truppen erobern Festung der Republikaner; siehe wikipedia de
Belagerung
Belagerung von Gijón
from July 19, 1936 to August 16, 1936 (aged 45 years)

Note: Anarchistische Milizen erobern die Simancas-Baracken in Gijon; siehe wikipedia de
Belagerung
Belagerung von Oviedo
from July 19, 1936 to October 16, 1936 (aged 46 years)

Note: Nationalistische Truppen halten die Stadt Oviedo bis zum Eintreffen von Verstärkung; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht in der Sierra Guadalupe
August 1, 1936 (aged 45 years)

Note: Nationalistische Truppen stoßen in das Tal de Tejo vor; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Mérida
from August 10, 1936 to August 11, 1936 (aged 45 years)

Note: Republikanische Truppen werden von der spanischen Legion geschlagen; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht um Mallorca
from August 16, 1936 to September 12, 1936 (aged 46 years)

Note: Erfolgloser Versuch der Republikaner, Mallorca zu erobern; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Talavera de la Reina
September 3, 1936 (aged 45 years)

Note: Letzter Versuch der Republikaner, den Nationalisten den Weg nach Madrid abzusperren; siehe wikipedia de
Burial of a motherEliza Ann Duncan
February 1937 (aged 46 years)
Text:

Begraafplaats: Presbyterian Cemetery

Belagerung
Belagerung von Madrid
from October 1936 to March 28, 1939 (aged 48 years)

Note: Nationalistische Truppen erobern die spanische Hauptstadt; siehe wikipedia de
British King
George VI
from December 11, 1936 to February 6, 1952 (aged 61 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht von Málaga
February 1, 1937 (aged 46 years)

Note: Nationalistische Truppen besiegen die Republikaner; siehe wikipedia de
Death of a motherEliza Ann Duncan
February 23, 1937 (aged 46 years) Age: 72
Schlacht
Schlacht von Jarama
from February 6, 1937 to February 27, 1937 (aged 46 years)

Note: Stellungskrieg zwischen Republikanern und Nationalisten; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Guadalajara
from March 8, 1937 to March 23, 1937 (aged 46 years)

Note: Letzter größerer Sieg der Republikaner; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Brunete
from July 6, 1937 to July 25, 1937 (aged 46 years)

Note: Republikaner versuchen teilweise erfolgreich, nach Extremadura vorzustoßen; siehe wikipedia de
Konflikt
Zwischenfall an der Marco-Polo-Brücke (Zweiter Japanisch-Chinesischer Krieg)
July 7, 1937 (aged 46 years)

Note: Feuergefecht zwischen Chinesen und Japanern, in deren Verlauf die Japaner in China einrücken; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht um Peking-Tianjin (Zweiter Japanisch-Chinesischer Krieg)
from July 25, 1937 to July 31, 1937 (aged 46 years)

Note: Japanischer Sieg; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Belchite
from August 24, 1937 to September 7, 1937 (aged 46 years)

Note: Republikanischer Vorstoß auf Saragossa kann aufgehalten werden; siehe wikipedia de
Krieg
Zweiter Japanisch-Chinesischer Krieg
from 1937 to 1945 (aged 54 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht um Shanghai (Zweiter Japanisch-Chinesischer Krieg)
from August 13, 1937 to November 9, 1937 (aged 47 years)

Note: Japanischer Sieg; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Pingxingguan (Zweiter Japanisch-Chinesischer Krieg)
from September 24, 1937 to September 25, 1937 (aged 47 years)

Note: Chinesische Truppen zerschlagen eine japanische Division; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Teruel
from December 15, 1937 to February 27, 1938 (aged 47 years)

Note: Schwere Niederlage der Republikaner; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Cabo de Palos
March 6, 1938 (aged 47 years)

Note: Die größte Seeschlacht des Spanischen Bürgerkrieges; siehe wikipedia de
Österreichische Geschichte
„Anschluss“ an das Deutsche Reich
March 12, 1938 (aged 47 years)

Offensive
Aragonoffensive
from March 7, 1938 to April 19, 1938 (aged 47 years)

Note: Vernichtung starker republikanischer Truppen; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht um Tai'erzhuang (Zweiter Japanisch-Chinesischer Krieg)
from March 24, 1938 to April 7, 1938 (aged 47 years)

Note: Erster großer Sieg der chinesischen Truppen; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht um Xuzhou (Zweiter Japanisch-Chinesischer Krieg)
May 1938 (aged 47 years)

Note: Japanischer Sieg; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Ebroschlacht
from July 25, 1938 to November 16, 1938 (aged 48 years)

Note: Schwere Niederlage der Republikaner; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht um Nanchang (Zweiter Japanisch-Chinesischer Krieg)
from March 17, 1939 to May 9, 1939 (aged 48 years)

Note: Japanische Truppen erobern den wichtigsten Eisenbahnknotenpunkt Chinas; siehe wikipedia de
Konflikt
Japanisch-Sowjetischer Grenzkonflikt
from 1938 to 1939 (aged 48 years)

Krieg
Slowakisch-Ungarischer Krieg
1939 (aged 48 years)

Krieg
Zweiter Weltkrieg
from 1939 to 1945 (aged 54 years)

Schlacht
Schlacht um die Westerplatte
from September 1, 1939 to September 7, 1939 (aged 48 years)

Note: Deutsche Truppen besetzen polnische Halbinsel; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht in der Tucheler Heide
from September 1, 1939 to September 5, 1939 (aged 48 years)

Note: Deutsche Truppen besiegen polnische Verbände; siehe wikipedia de
Guerre
Seconde Guerre mondiale
from September 3, 1939 to May 8, 1945 (aged 54 years)

Note: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seconde_Guerre_mondiale
Schlacht
Schlacht bei Wizna
from September 6, 1939 to September 10, 1939 (aged 48 years)

Note: Deutsche Truppen durchbrechen polnische Verteidigungsstellung; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht an der Bzura
from September 9, 1939 to September 19, 1939 (aged 49 years)

Note: Deutsche Truppen besiegen polnische Verbände; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht um Changsha (1939) (Zweiter Japanisch-Chinesischer Krieg)
from September 17, 1939 to October 6, 1939 (aged 49 years)

Note: Chinesischen Truppen gelingt die Verteidigung der Stadt Changsha; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht bei Szack
September 28, 1939 (aged 49 years)

Note: Polnische Truppen vertreiben sowjetische Verbände aus Szack und Umgebung; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Salla
from November 30, 1939 to March 13, 1940 (aged 49 years)

Note: Finnische Truppen verhindern sowjetischen Durchbruch nach Lappland; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Suomussalmi
from November 30, 1939 to March 13, 1940 (aged 49 years)

Note: Finnische Truppen zerschlagen zwei sowjetische Divisionen; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Kollaa
from December 2, 1939 to March 13, 1940 (aged 49 years)

Note: Finnische Truppen wehren sowjetischen Angriff ab; siehe wikipedia de
Schlacht
Schlacht von Kuhmo
from December 3, 1939 to March 13, 1940 (aged 49 years)

Note: Finnische Truppen kesseln sowjetische Division ein; siehe wikipedia de
Death April 14, 1940 (aged 49 years) Age: 49
Cause of death: Hersenbloeding
Source: Privé
Text:

Hij was als arbeider werkzaam in Camp Borden en tijdens het graven van een diepe gleuf kreeg hij een steen op zijn hoofd. Na een korte tijd bewusteloos te zijn geweest melde hij zich bij de hoofd van de afdeling, en die bracht hem naar de Camp arts. Tijdens zijn verblijf daar, raakte hij in een coma en werd hij naar het ziekenhuis van Barrie gebracht. Een operatie werd uitgevoerd, maar toch overleed hij, nog steeds in coma aan een hersenbloeding.

Burial April 1940 (aged 49 years)
Text:

Begraafplaats: Mount Teggart Cemetery

Family with parents
father
William Robert Martin
18581934
Birth: March 7, 1858 29 30New Tecumseth, Simcoe County, Ontario, Canada
Death: June 7, 1934New Tecumseth, Simcoe County, Ontario, Canada
mother
Eliza Ann Duncan
18641937
Birth: April 14, 1864 29 24New Tecumseth, Simcoe County, Ontario, Canada
Death: February 23, 1937Tottenham, Simcoe County, Ontario, Canada
Marriage
Marriage: November 26, 1884New Tecumseth, Simcoe County, Ontario, Canada
11 months
elder sister
Margaret Cecil Martin
1885
Birth: October 29, 1885 27 21New Tecumseth, Simcoe County, Ontario, Canada
Death:
23 months
elder brother
18871973
Birth: September 20, 1887 29 23Beeton, Simcoe County, Ontario, Canada
Death: April 11, 1973Ontario, Canada
3 years
himself
Duncan Lorne Martin (1916-1919)
18901940
Birth: September 11, 1890 32 26Tottenham, Simcoe County, Ontario, Canada
Death: April 14, 1940Barrie, Simcoe County, Ontario, Canada
3 years
younger brother
18931977
Birth: March 17, 1893 35 28Ontario, Canada
Death: December 22, 1977Ontario, Canada
4 years
younger brother
Family with Wilhelmina Huiberdina Kaasjager
himself
Duncan Lorne Martin (1916-1919)
18901940
Birth: September 11, 1890 32 26Tottenham, Simcoe County, Ontario, Canada
Death: April 14, 1940Barrie, Simcoe County, Ontario, Canada
wife
Wilhelmina Huiberdina Kaasjager & Julie Cheryl Martin
18871966
Birth: September 10, 1887 20 20Zaltbommel, Zaltbommel, Gelderland, Nederland
Death: December 24, 1966Oakville, Halton, Ontario, Canada
Marriage
Marriage: December 15, 1922Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada
14 months
daughter
Lorna Wilhelmina Martin
19241965
Birth: February 14, 1924 33 36Taber, Taber, Alberta, Canada
Death: June 12, 1965Toronto, Ontario, Canada
18 months
son
William Robert Martin
19252020
Birth: July 31, 1925 34 37Taber, Taber, Alberta, Canada
Death: June 29, 2020Montreal, Quebec, Canada
6 years
son
Gordon Kenneth Martin (2012)
19312017
Birth: October 14, 1931 41 44Taber, Taber, Alberta, Canada
Death: May 15, 2017Canada
Gerrit Gertzen + Wilhelmina Huiberdina Kaasjager
partner’s partner
Gerrit Gertzen (11.04.1910)
18701935
Birth: April 8, 1870 31 27Randwijk, Overbetuwe, Gelderland, Nederland
Death: September 1, 1935Unity, Unity, Saskatchewan, Canada
wife
Wilhelmina Huiberdina Kaasjager & Julie Cheryl Martin
18871966
Birth: September 10, 1887 20 20Zaltbommel, Zaltbommel, Gelderland, Nederland
Death: December 24, 1966Oakville, Halton, Ontario, Canada
Marriage
Marriage: April 11, 1910Philby, O'Brien County, Iowa, Verenigde Staten van Amerika
Divorce
Divorce: 1919Verenigde Staten van Amerika
9 months
step-daughter
Anna Evelyn Gertzen
19111989
Birth: January 2, 1911 40 23Taber, Taber, Alberta, Canada
Death: March 31, 1989Ponoka, Ponoka County, Alberta, Canada
12 months
step-son
George William Gertzen (1950)
19111977
Birth: December 22, 1911 41 24Taber, Taber, Alberta, Canada
Death: April 28, 1977Taber, Taber, Alberta, Canada
ResidenceCensus Canada
Text:

Bron: 1911 Census of Canada Simcoe South Sub-District 17

OccupationLibrary & Archives Canada
MilitaryLibrary & Archives Canada
Text:

Regiment Number: 3206000 Unit: M.D. 13 Company No: 4 Class: I Military Service Act letter and number: 352262 MC. Rank: Privat

Height: 5 ft. 10 ins. Chest measurement:

  • fully expanded 35 ins.
  • range of expansion 38 ins. Complexion: Fresh Eyes: Brown Hair: D. Brown Distinctive marks, and marks indicating congential peculiarities or previous disease: None
MilitaryLibrary & Archives Canada
Text:

3rd Division By the end of December 1915, Major-General Mercer, a Canadian by birth, commanded the Corps' 3rd Division. He held this command until his death during the Battle of Mount Sorrel, June 1916. By the end of 1916, all staff appointments in this Division, but for three, were held by Canadians.

Brigades of the 3rd Division

  • 7th Brigade consisted of the Princess Patricia's Light Infantry (the only unit with active field experience), the Royal Canadian Regiment (Canada's only permanent force battalion newly arrived in France after garrison duty in Bermuda), the 42nd Battalion (Montreal) and the 49th Battalion (Edmonton).

  • 8th Brigade was made up of the Canadian Mounted Rifle Battalion's 1st, 2nd, 4th and 5th Battalions.

  • 9th Brigade, which joined the Division in February 1916, comprised the 43rd (Winnipeg), 52nd (Port Arthur), 58th (Niagara area) and the 60th (Montreal) Battalions. By the end of January 1916, there were 50,000 Canadian troops in the field, serving in the Canadian Corps, as part of the British 2nd Army.

War Diary of the 3rd Canadian Division: 02.06.1916 - 13.06.1916 Location: Ypres, Belgium Battle of Mount Sorrel or Battle of Hill 62 In an effort to pull British resources from the observed build-up in the Somme, the XIII (Royal Württemberg) Corps and the 117th Infantry Division attacked an arc of high ground positions defended by the Canadian Corps. The German forces initially captured the heights at Mount Sorrel and Tor Top before entrenching on the far slope of the ridge. Following a number attacks and counterattacks, two divisions of the Canadian Corps, supported by the 20th Light Division and Second Army siege and howitzer battery groups, recaptured the majority of their former positions.

01.07.1916 - 18.11.1916 Location: Somme, France Battle of the Somme or Somme Offensive The battle consisted of an offensive by the British and French armies against the German Army, which since invading France in August 1914 had occupied large areas of that country. One of the largest battles of the First World War, by the time fighting had petered out in late autumn 1916 more than 1.5 million casualties had been suffered by the forces involved. It is understood to have been one of the bloodiest military operations ever recorded.

09.04.1917 - 14.04.1917 Location: Nord-Pas-de-Calais region, France Battle of Vimy Ridge The main combatants were the Canadian Corps against three divisions of the German Sixth Army. The battle, was part of the opening phase of the British-led Battle of Arras, a diversionary attack for the French Nivelle Offensive. The objective of the Canadian Corps was to take control of the German-held high ground along an escarpment at the northernmost end of the Arras Offensive. This would ensure that the southern flank could advance without suffering German enfilade fire. Supported by a creeping barrage, the Canadian Corps captured most of the ridge during the first day of the attack. The town of Thélus fell during the second day of the attack, as did the crest of the ridge once the Canadian Corps overcame a salient of considerable German resistance. The final objective, a fortified knoll located outside the town of Givenchy-en-Gohelle, fell to the Canadian Corps on 12 April. The German forces then retreated to the Oppy–Méricourt line.

03.05.1917 - 04.05.1917 Location: Arras and Arleux, France Third Battle of The Scarpe After securing the area around Arleux at the end of April, the British determined to launch another attack east from Monchy to try and breakthrough the Boiry Riegel and reach the Wotanstellung, a major German defensive fortification. This was scheduled to coincide with the Australian attack at Bullecourt in order to present the Germans with a two–pronged assault. British commanders hoped that success in this venture would force the Germans to retreat further to the east. With this objective in mind, the British launched another attack near the Scarpe on 3 May. However, neither prong was able to make any significant advances and the attack was called off the following day after incurring heavy casualties. Although this battle was a failure, the British learned important lessons about the need for close liaison between tanks, infantry, and artillery, which they would later apply in the Battle of Cambrai (1917).

15.08.1917 - 25.08.1917 Location: Lens and Nord-Pas-de-Calais region, France Battle of Hill 70 The primary objective of the assault was to inflict casualties and draw German troops away from the 3rd Battle of Ypres, rather than to capture territory. To achieve this objective, The Canadian Corps executed a limited operation to quickly occupy the high ground at Hill 70, established defensive positions and utilized combined small arms and artillery fire to repel German counterattacks and inflict as many casualties as possible. A later attempt by the Canadian Corps to extend its position into the city of Lens itself failed. The Canadians and the Germans both suffered high casualty rates, and Lens remained under German control. The battle consisted of extensive use of poison gas by both sides, including the newly introduced German Yellow Cross shell containing the blistering agent sulfur mustard. Ultimately, the goals of the Canadian Corps were only partially accomplished. The Canadians were successful in preventing German formations from transferring local men and equipment to aid in defensive operations in the Ypres Salient but failed to draw in troops from other areas.

26.10.1917 - 10.11.1917 Location: Ypres, Belgium Second Battle of the Passchendaele The assault position was directly south of the inter-army boundary between the British Fifth Army and Second Army. As a result the Canadian Corps was to attack with support of formations from the British Fifth Army to the north and I Anzac Corps to the south. The offensive was executed in series of attacks each with limited objectives, delivered at intervals of three or more days. The execution dates of the phases were tentatively given as 26 October, 30 October and 6 November with a final smaller action on 10 November. To permit time to facilitate inter-divisional reliefs, there was a planned seven day pause between the second and third stage during which time British Second Army was ordered to take over the section of the British Fifth Army front adjoining the Canadian Corps, so that the central portion of the assault could proceed under a single command. The attack was successful in capturing the German-held high ground along the Passchendaele-Westrozebeke ridge but the campaign was forced to end just short of Westrozebeke itself. No further attempt was made to build on the momentum of the attack. The significant victory of the Austro-German forces against the Italian Army at the Battle of Caporetto and the upcoming Battle of Cambrai ultimately forced the British to divert resources away from the sector and end all offensive actions in the Ypres Salient.

08.08.1918 - 11.08.1918 Location: Amiens, France Battle of Amiens or The Battle of Picardy The battle began in dense fog at 4:20 a.m. on 8 August 1918. Under Rawlinson's Fourth Army, the British III Corps attacked north of the Somme, the Australian Corps to the south of the river in the centre of Fourth Army's front, and the Canadian Corps to the south of the Australians. The French 1st Army under General Debeney opened its preliminary bombardment at the same time, and began its advance 45 minutes later, supported by a battalion of 72 Whippet tanks. Although German forces were on the alert, this was largely in anticipation of possible retaliation for their incursion on the 6th and not because they had learned of the preplanned Allied attack. Although the two forces were within 500 yards (460 m) of one another, gas bombardment was very low, as the bulk of the Allied presence was unknown to the Germans. The attack was so unexpected that German forces only began to return fire after five minutes, and even then at the positions where the Allied forces had assembled at the start of the battle and had long since left. In the first phase, seven divisions attacked: the British 18th (Eastern) and 58th (2/1st London), the Australian 2nd and 3rd, and the Canadian 1st, 2nd and 3rd. The Canadian and Australian attackers were supported by eight battalions of the Royal Tank Corps, with a paper strength of 216 Mark V and 72 Mark V* tanks, with 48 unarmed tanks used as supply-carrying tractors. Parts of the American 33rd Division supported the British attackers north of the Somme. The attackers captured the first German position, advancing about 4,000 yards (3,700 m) by about 7:30 a.m. In the centre, supporting units following the leading divisions attacked the second objective a further two miles (3 km) distant. Australian units reached their first objectives by 7:10 a.m., and by 8:20 a.m., the Australian 4th and 5th and the Canadian 4th divisions passed through the initial hole in the German line. The third phase of the attack was assigned to infantry-carrying Mark V* tanks. However, the infantry was able to carry out this final step unaided. The Allies penetrated well to the rear of the German defences and cavalry now continued the advance, one brigade in the Australian sector and two cavalry divisions in the Canadian sector. RAF and armoured car fire kept the retreating Germans from rallying. The Canadian and Australian forces in the center advanced quickly, pushing the line 3 miles (4.8 km) forward from its starting point by 11:00 a.m. The speed of their advance was such that a party of German officers and some divisional staff that were eating breakfast were captured. A gap 15 miles (24 km) long was punched in the German line south of the Somme by the end of the day. There was less success north of the river, where the British III Corps had only a single tank battalion in support, the terrain was rougher and the German incursion of 6 August had disrupted some of the preparations. Although the attackers gained their first objectives, they were held up short of the Chipilly spur, a steep wooded ridge. The British Fourth Army took 13,000 prisoners while the French captured a further 3,000. Total German losses were estimated to be 30,000 on 8 August. The Fourth Army's casualties, British, Australian and Canadian infantry, were approximately 8,800, exclusive of tank and air losses and their French allies. German Army Chief of Staff Paul von Hindenburg noted the Allies' use of surprise and that Allied destruction of German lines of communication had hampered potential German counter-attacks by isolating command positions. The German general Erich Ludendorff described the first day of Amiens as the "Schwarzer Tag des deutschen Heeres" ("the black day of the German Army"), not because of the ground lost to the advancing Allies, but because the morale of the German troops had sunk to the point where large numbers of troops began to capitulate. Five German divisions had effectively been engulfed. Allied forces pushed, on average, 7 miles (11 km) into enemy territory by the end of the day. The Canadians gained 8 miles (13 km), Australians 7 miles (11 km), British 2 miles (3.2 km), and the French 5 miles (8.0 km).

26.08.1918 - 30.08.1918 Location: Arras and Monchy-le-Preux, France Fifth Battle of The Scarpe H-hour: August 26, 3:00 a.m. The 2nd Division was on the right, south of the Cambrai Road; the 3rd Division, between the road and the Scarpe; the 51st Highland Division, on the left, north of the Scarpe. Supported by a powerful artillery and machine gun barrage, the attack made good progress. The 3rd Division captured Monchy, the first objective, with a skilfully executed encircling manoeuvre that was praised long after the tactical feat. On the right, the 2nd Division captured the villages of Guemappe and Wancourt during the afternoon. By nightfall, the Canadian line extended about 914 metres east of Monchy. General Currie's orders for the 27th were to break through the Fresnes-Rouvroy Line and thereby advance by eight kilometres. It took two more days of bitter fighting before this defence system near Boiry-Notre-Dame was penetrated, and when the Battle of the Scarpe ended on August 30, resolute German garrisons were still stubbornly clinging to it. In the first three days of the battle, the 2nd and 3rd Divisions had advanced more than eight kilometres over rough, broken land furrowed with extremely well-fortified trenches. Nevertheless, the Canadians succeeded in reaching the great majority of their objectives and captured 3,300 prisoners and a large number of guns.

27.09.1918 - 11.10.1918 Location: Canal du Nord & Cambrai, France Battle of Cambrai The Canadian Corps, under General Sir Arthur Currie, was put in charge of operations conceived as a set-piece attack. Because of the extremely narrow divide, at zero hour on September 27, the battlefront presented only two brigades on the left and one on the right, with a creeping artillery barrage and sappers following over hastily-built bridges, pontoons and cork slabs baled with wire netting. One artillery subsection supported each divisional artillery section behind the front line. Once across the canal, troops would reassemble and the front had to be widened at lightning speed from 2,600 metres to 15,000 metres in order to circle Bourlon Wood, capture the Blue Line and prepare to press forward toward Cambrai. In 12 hours of fighting, the Canadians covered approximately 8,500 metres of ground with the 4th Division's 38th, 87th and 102nd Battalions arriving first and the 1st Division's 1st and 13th Battalions following with greater difficulty. In the following four days of difficult fighting, both divisions, along with reinforcements from the 3rd Division, managed to secure only a limited amount of territory and by October 1, exhausted troops were ordered to rest and reassemble. Operations to capture Cambrai and secure ground northeast of the city resumed on October 8, mainly involving in the 2nd and 3rd Divisions and lasting a total of four days. 5:20 a.m. (zero hour) on September 27. An artillery barrage explodes over enemy positions and the 1st Division begins to move swiftly. Crossing the dry bed of the Canal-du-Nord with success as dawn breaks, the Canadians rapidly secure the Green Line. Passing through their ranks, the 4th Division gains entry into the southern part of Bourlon Village around 9:45 a.m., but not without heavy casualties. By 2:00 p.m., they pass the Blue Line and attain the objective of capturing Bourlon Wood (Blue Line). Pushing on, by the end of the afternoon, while the 15th Infantry Brigade stands firm at the Blue Line, brigades from the 1st and 4th Canadian Division, plus the British 11th Division, clear the enemy's Marcoing trench system. Victory is assured by 8:00 p.m. as the last pocket of enemy resistance is overcome.

17-03-1919 Arrival in Halifax, Nova Scotia with the Vessel Carmania from Liverpool, England (Roll: T-14794)

49th Battalion (Edmonton Regiment) War Statistics

  • Total Enlistments: 4.050
  • Killed in Action: 647
  • Died of Wounds: 89
  • Died, Other Causes: 88
  • Wounded: 2.282
DeathPrivé
Text:

Hij was als arbeider werkzaam in Camp Borden en tijdens het graven van een diepe gleuf kreeg hij een steen op zijn hoofd. Na een korte tijd bewusteloos te zijn geweest melde hij zich bij de hoofd van de afdeling, en die bracht hem naar de Camp arts. Tijdens zijn verblijf daar, raakte hij in een coma en werd hij naar het ziekenhuis van Barrie gebracht. Een operatie werd uitgevoerd, maar toch overleed hij, nog steeds in coma aan een hersenbloeding.

BurialBegraafregister
Text:

Begraafplaats: Mount Teggart Cemetery

fancy-imagebar
Sijgje Opmeer (1864–1934) Barend Jacobsz (1705–) Alida Knuijvers (1742–1809) Aart Woudenberg (1832–1888) Jan van den Berg + Logina Ketel J.M. Vriezekolk (–) Wilhelmus Kaasjager (1890–1950) Hendrik Otto Rompelman (1844–1883) Willem Willemsz Duijker (1814–1814) Arie van Dam + Trijntje Kikke Norman Arthur Gertzen (1925–1950) Willem Faber + Hendrina Christina Siegers Willi Karl Töpel (1904–1986) Willem Hendrik Kaasjager (1901–1975) Orville Gerald van Roekel (1929–1991) Jennekens Vriesenkolk (1731–1814) Adrianus Leijten (1782–1866) Hermanus Hendrickz van den Engh (1731–) Joannes Gerrardus Kock (1797–1877) Hendrika Gergoski (1848–1929) Derkje Gergoski (1879–1962) Gisela Brunhilde Margot Linke (1922–1969) Kurt Franz Rossmeisl (1906–1974) Livingstone Ann Adam (1858–1917) Adrianus Marianus Gijsberts (1818–1902) Jan van Bergen (1797–1835) János Alajos Drexler (1884–1938) Nico Verbeek (1959–2008) Anna Gezina Lansink (1893–) Maria Gijsberts (1905–1987) Thijs Brandsen (1895–1952) Jannigje de Ruiter (1867–1916) Berendina Hendrika Gerhardina Bruggemann (1888–) Peter Liet (1889–1916) Berthus Gronert (1898–1918) Duncan Lorne Martin (1890–1940) Joanna Lazerom (1795–1869) Lubartus Gergoskij (1785–1859) François Jäger (1878–1973) Cornelis Pellegrom (1911–1944) Christian Post (1922–1954) Margaretha Vol (1822–1868) Adrianus Snoeck + Klazina van der Meijden Antonius Cornelis Hubertus Kok (1909–1978) Leo Kok (1903–1971) Hendrikus Jacobus Theodorus Vleugels (1910–1943) Klazina van der Meijden (1845–1923)